Environmental Planning

Environmental Planning is a decision-making process that considers the environmental, social, political, economic, and governance factors that can affect development. Its goal is to manage the relationship between natural systems and human systems in the present and the future.

The Town of Milton is committed to respecting the environment in planning policies and in all corporate initiatives.

Land use policies related to the environment and natural heritage can be found in sections 4.8 and 4.9 of the Town's Official Plan.


The word sustainable, and the associated implications, has become a permanent part of planning within a municipality. The Bruntland Commission coined the most often used definition for the term and states that sustainable development is that which "meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs".

In past years, the Town of Milton has initiated and approved a number of projects that fall under the scope of sustainability.

Mineral Aggregate Resources
Mineral Aggregate Resources are governed by the Province of Ontario and can only be extracted with a license from the Ministry of Natural Resources. There is a high quantity of mineral aggregate resources located in the Milton area. The Town of Milton participates in the aggregate licensing process by providing comments and guidance on land use applications associated with a proposed pit or quarry. The Town's current Mineral Aggregate policies can be found in the Official Plan (section 4.7). 
Source Water Protection 

The Province of Ontario brought into effect the Clean Water Act, 2006, S.O. 2006, c. 22 (CWA) and various associated regulations in July, 2007. The CWA identified 19 separate Source Water Protection Areas through the use of existing watershed boundaries.

Three different Source Protection Areas affect the Town of Milton: Lake Erie Source Protection, CTC Source Protection, and Halton-Hamilton Source Protection, which covers the majority of Milton. Milton is one of 10 municipalities within the Halton-Hamilton Source Protection Area.

As part of the Clean Water Act, each Source Water Protection Area Committee is responsible for three deliverables: 1) Terms of Reference; 2) an Assessment Report; and 3) a Source Protection Plan (SPP). The final Source Protection Plan is to be completed and submitted in August 2012.

Environmental Assessments

Under the Environmental Assessment Act, certain projects must undergo various studies, as well as agency and public consultation. This process is known as an Environmental Assessment and can be initiated by any level of government. The Province of Ontario's website provides more information on environmental assessments.

The Town is involved in all levels of Environmental Assessments. 

Green Energy 

The Town of Milton supports applications for renewable energy applications within Milton in appropriate locations. Consultation with the Town planning staff ensures that an application follows the appropriate approval process.

The Province of Ontario enacted the Green Energy Act to encourage and remove barriers to renewable energy projects, making them easier to implement. The Act promotes a green economy, and ensures the conservation and efficient use of energy throughout Ontario, including industry, homeowners, government, and schools. Estimated to create 50,000 jobs within the first three years, according to the Environmental Bill of Rights (EBR), the Green Energy Act will enhance economic activity and reduce our impact on the climate.