Coyotes have been in Ontario for more than 100 years. They have adapted well to both rural and urban environments. The coyote performs an important role as a predator in southern Ontario, helping to control the populations of small mammals, like rats and mice.

In urban areas, coyotes favour natural green space, such as parks, ravines and stream banks. In rural areas coyotes can be found in agricultural land, as well as brush and woodlots.

Online service icon Report Coyote Sighting 

Conflicts With Coyotes

Coyotes can raise concerns when they:

  • Feed on garbage, compost, fruit or vegetable gardens.
  • Prey on livestock or pets.
  • Come too close to people.


Coyote-Proof Your Property 

Prevention goes a long way. Conflicts can be avoided or reduced by making changes on your property. Discourage coyotes from entering your property by doing the following: 

  • Remove sources of food.
  • Fence gardens.
  • Use secure garbage containers with locking lids and store in an enclosed structure.
  • Clear away bushes and dense weeds near your home where coyotes may find cover and small animals.
  • Use motion sensor lights.
  • Close off spaces under porches, decks and sheds. Coyotes use these areas for denning and raising young. 

Encounters with Coyotes 

People and wild animals live side by side in Ontario. We all share responsibility for preventing and handling human-wildlife conflicts. 

Coyotes can make their way to residential areas where they may tear open garbage, cause concern for residents and even come into conflict with pets. 

Avoid Coyote Conflicts

Coyotes are usually cautious of humans and avoid people whenever possible.  Even so, they are wild animals and should never be approached. 
  • Never feed coyotes. Feeding makes them less fearful of humans, and can train them to rely on foods provided by humans.
  • Never attempt to "tame" a coyote.
  • Do not let pets chase coyotes as it could result in injuries to your pet. 

What to Do if You Encounter a Coyote

Coyote sightings are becoming more frequent in Ontario. If you see a coyote, keep your distance and it will usually avoid you. If you encounter a coyote not showing fear, there are several things you should know and do:

  • Never approach or touch a coyote.
  • Do not turn your back on, or run from, a coyote.
  • Pick up small children and pets.
  • Back away from the coyote while remaining calm.
  • Stand tall, wave your hands and make lots of noise.
  • Carry a flashlight at night to scare off coyotes.
  • If a coyote poses an immediate threat or danger to public safety, call 911.  

Protect Dogs and Pets From Coyotes 

Away From Your Property

  • Keep your dog on a leash.
  • Carry a flashlight at night to scare off coyotes.
  • Do not let your dog chase a coyote as it could result in injury to your dog. 

On Your Property

  • Coyotes are primarily active at night. Keep your dogs inside at night.
  • If there are coyotes in your area, keep a close eye on your pets at all times, even if they are in a fenced in yard.
  • Clean up after your dog. Coyotes are attracted to dog feces.
  • Keep pet food indoors.
  • Put garbage out the morning of a scheduled pickup. 

Other Tips

  • Never let your cats roam off your property. Coyotes can hunt free-roaming cats as a source of food.
  • Spay or neuter your dogs. Coyotes are attracted to, and can mate with domestic dogs that have not been spayed or neutered. 


Reporting Animal Concerns

Visit our Animal Services web page to determine whom to contact with animal concerns, including dead or injured wildlife.