Bill C-45: The Cannabis Act

The Town of Milton, like other municipal governments across Canada, is aware of provincial and federal legislation regulating cannabis (the "Cannabis Act"). 

Federal Cannabis Act

The federal Cannabis Act, Bill C-45, was passed on June 19, 2018. The Cannabis Act's stated objectives are to "prevent young persons from accessing cannabis, to protect public health and public safety by establishing strict product safety and product quality requirements and to deter criminal activity by imposing serious criminal penalties for those operating outside the legal framework." The Cannabis Act is also intended to reduce the burden on the criminal justice system in relation to cannabis.

Canada's Cannabis Act has come into force. Adults aged 19 and older can now legally purchase and possess a limited amount of cannabis. In Milton, smoking of cannabis is prohibited in the same places where the smoking of tobacco is prohibited. 

Provincial Cannabis Act

Ontario now has laws in place (after extensive public and stakeholder engagement) about how, where and who can buy and possess cannabis in the province. The government is also moving forward with a tightly regulated private retail model for cannabis that would launch by April 1, 2019.

Medical cannabis will continue to be subject to different rules than recreational cannabis.

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